The flag state’s role in combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing: international legal aspects The special role of the flag state in combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is noted in the article. The international legal norms establishing of the flag state obligations to their fishing vessels, as well as voluntary acts are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the history of development, adoption, consideration of the Voluntary Guidelines on Flag State Performance adopted by FAO in 2014. The problems with insufficient compliance by states with existing international legal norms with regard to the obligations of the flag state are emphasized, the negative role of the states providing 'flags of convenience' in the combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is underlined. The resolution of internal armed conflicts as an implementation of the principle of the peaceful settlement of international disputes in modern realities The article deals with the problems of resolving internal armed conflicts as a mechanism for implementing the principle of peaceful settlement of international disputes. The aim of the article is to study the change in the concept and importance of the resolution of an internal armed conflict in the context of globalization with the economic, cultural and social integration of states. Considerable attention is paid to the reasons underlying the conflict and the problems of their elimination.
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The relevance of the article stems from the growing number of internal armed conflicts in the context of contemporary realities and their tendency to flow into international conflicts. The authors analyzed the most important issues of determining the status of the parties to an internal armed conflict and the problem of applying the norms of humanitarian law to armed groups. The result of the study is the formulation of conclusions and proposals for improving the mechanism for resolving internal armed conflicts. Underlines the extreme urgency of the problem of illegal migration, describes the basic stages of the legal consolidation of countering it at the UN level. Special attention is paid to the Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air, supplementing the Convention United Nations against transnational organized crime, for which formal-legal method. Is characterized by the value of this document for international cooperation.
Based on the analysis of the current situation identified problematic aspects on the basis of existing UN regulatory framework, the necessity of its further improvement, in order to optimize international cooperation to combat the illegal transportation of migrants. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as an international intergovernmental organization The establishment and the development of the SCO has created a new international security order in which such Principles like Common Trust, liquidation of destructive arms and cooperation among states members are enshrined. China and Russia have laid down a new form of international cooperation together with Central Asian countries in economical and security areas. The SCO has reached a high level of cooperation among the states members. That success has draw attention of the all international community to the SCO. Many of them are attempted to cooperate with SCO. Record keeping by EU financial institutions: the regulation of activity In order to confirm compliance with legislative requirements, it is always necessary to provide information stored in a proper way.