Avoid plunge cutting whenever possible – See #2 6) Relief Cuts. If using a saw jet or water jet make relief cuts on areas that will have a radius or curve to help prevent a blowout. Crack Cocaine Cuts. Crack cocaine is the most commonly used form of freebase cocaine. How Is Cocaine Made? Zakoni elektrodinamiki i princip otnositeljnosti prezentaciya of the world. The manufacturing process for crack cocaine involves dissolving cocaine hydrochloride in water and then mixing it with baking soda or ammonia.
Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Physical and chemical properties In purer forms, crack rocks appear as off-white nuggets with jagged edges, with a slightly higher density than candle wax. Purer forms of crack resemble a hard brittle plastic, in crystalline form (snaps when broken). A crack rock acts as a (see: ), numbing the tongue or mouth only where directly placed. Ratchet barabannoj sushilki kursovaya. Purer forms of crack will sink in water or melt at the edges when near a flame (crack vaporizes at 90 °C, 194 °F). Crack cocaine as sold on the streets may be or 'cut' with other substances mimicking the appearance of crack cocaine to increase bulk. Use of toxic adulterants such as has been documented. A close up of the 'cooking' process that creates crack.
(NaHCO 3, common baking soda) is a base used in preparation of crack, although other may substitute for it. The net reaction when using sodium bicarbonate is Coc-H +Cl − + NaHCO 3 → Coc + H 2O + CO 2 + NaCl With: Coc-H +Cl − + NH 4HCO 3 → Coc + + CO 2 + H 2O With: 2(Coc-H +Cl −) + (NH 4) 2CO 3 → 2 Coc + 2 NH 4Cl + CO 2 + H 2O Crack cocaine is frequently purchased already in rock form, although it is not uncommon for some users to 'wash up' or 'cook' powder cocaine into crack themselves. This process is frequently done with baking soda (sodium bicarbonate), water, and a spoon.
Once mixed and heated, the bicarbonate reacts with the hydrochloride of the powder cocaine, forming free base cocaine and (H 2CO 3) in a reversible acid-base reaction. The heating accelerates the degradation of carbonic acid into (CO 2) and water. Loss of CO 2 prevents the reaction from reversing back to cocaine hydrochloride. Free base cocaine separates as an oily layer, floating on the top of the now leftover aqueous phase.
It is at this point that the oil is picked up rapidly, usually with a pin or long thin object. This pulls the oil up and spins it, allowing air to set and dry the oil, and allows the maker to roll the oil into the rock-like shape. Crack vaporizes near temperature 90 °C (194 °F), much lower than the cocaine hydrochloride melting point of 190 °C (374 °F). Whereas cocaine hydrochloride cannot be smoked (burns with no effect), crack cocaine when smoked allows for quick absorption into the blood stream, and reaches the brain in 8 seconds.